U.S. Courts Design Guide
trials will draw only a few or occasional spectators. Spectator seating should be
provided as follows: special proceedings courtroom, 100-120; standard courtroom,
65-85; and magistrate judge courtroom, 55-60.
U.S. Bankruptcy Court
Judicial Officers. A judge presides over civil proceedings.
Courtroom Personnel. A courtroom deputy clerk, court reporter/recorder, and
law clerk are present.
Security Personnel. In certain instances, USMS personnel will be present.
Attorneys. At least one attorney is present on each side of the case. Other
supporting legal staff may be present at the discretion of the presiding judge. The
U.S. Trustee might also be represented.
Litigants. The number of litigants varies from two to 20 or more; however, no
criminal defendants are present.
Witnesses and Interpreters. Witnesses are used. An interpreter is furnished if
required by a witness.
Jurors. In USBC courtrooms, there will be occasion for juries of up to eight
Spectators. Typically, family and friends of litigants, attorneys waiting to appear
before the court, the general public, reporters from the news media, and other
interested parties will be present. Spectator seating should be provided as follows:
jury and non-jury courtrooms, 75-85.
Adjacency and Circulation
U.S. Court of Appeals
USCA courtrooms must provide both public and restricted access. The courtroom
is separated from the public corridor by a soundlock. Restricted access is provided
separately for judges and court staff: for court staff, just below the bench; and for
judges, close to robing and conference rooms, allowing a formal entry from the