Chapter 6: Ancillary Facilities
defendants, out-of-custody criminal defendants, witnesses, spectators, family members,
and the news media.
The number of users varies.
Adjacency and Circulation
Public waiting areas are typically alcoves off of public circulation or lobby areas. The
areas are accessible to the public.
Public waiting rooms vary depending upon the type of courtroom served. See Table
6.1 for specific size requirements.
Public waiting areas serve as extensions of public lobby and circulation areas adjacent
to courtrooms; therefore, the design and furnishing of these spaces must be consistent.
Furnishings should be comfortable but durable, and should be fixed to the floor or
walls in small groups.
Closed circuit television (CCTV) surveillance must be provided for lobby areas
outside each courtroom. The CCTV camera is monitored in the U.S. Marshals Service
(USMS) Command and Control Center and should be duress alarm-activated with
Public waiting areas must be separated acoustically from adjoining enclosed spaces.