U.S. Court Facilities
entrance to court-related areas of the building will be through one entry point under the direct
surveillance of USMS personnel. Entry to the building from court employee parking should
be through shuttle elevators (and stairs) to a point outside of the screened entry point. Areas of
the facility occupied by noncourt-related agencies may either be routed through the screened
entry point or diverted to other entry points.
A second entry point may be desired for some Federal agencies, such as the Immigration and
Naturalization Service or the Social Security Administration, which receive a large number of
public visitors. Ideally, these agencies would not be located within the same building as court
functions. A clear separation of zones must be provided within the building if a second entry
which is not screened by a CSO is provided. All areas designated for future expansion of
court and court-related functions must be served through the screened entry point. Ideally, all
areas of the facility will pass through the secure screening point to provide flexibility in
expansion strategies for the courts.
The screened entry point should be far enough inside the entry to allow for queuing during
inclement weather. It should be sized to allow a metal detector and x-ray equipment to be
built as part of the circulation out of the entry. Appropriate outlets connected to the security
electrical system will be located and sized to avoid exposed cord connections.
GSA will have a single building entry point for the entire service area which will have a
remote electrically controlled door lock. Either the facility manager's office will be located
next to this door with a vision window or a CCTV camera will be provided with a monitor in
the facility manager's office. In either case, a two-way intercom will be provided between the
door and the manager's office.
Separate Circulation Systems. A Federal court facility may have four or more internal
separate circulation systems serving judicial, court, and court-related areas. The systems
Judicial circulation to the judicial chambers and court rooms.
Public circulation to the courtrooms and public entrances of court-related agencies.
Secure prisoner movement system.
Service circulation, which could also be used for juries.
April 5, 1996