Design Excellence and
4 . 0 Introduction
Site selection is not a formal part of the Design Excellence process. Site decisions,
h owever, can have a profound impact on a project's success. The following provides an
overview of important Design Excellence site selection issues and useful resources.
4 . 1 Criteria for Selecting the Best Project Site
Site selection is a decision that affects the organization, massing, function, sustainability,
efficiency, and aesthetics of a project. Security mandates and budget considerations are
additional site selection issues. The goals in this decision should be to:
1 Contribute Meaningfully to Community Development
A federal facility can be a catalyst in the growth and vitality of a neighborhood. It can
p rovide public open space. It can revitalize an existing historic landmark. It can enhance
the quality of a city's urban environment.
2 Maximize the Potential for Architectural Design Excellence
A site and its context should stimulate the creativity and imagination of the design team
to produce a distinguished federal facility. The site should allow for the development
of at least three distinct design options. Its size, shape, and physical characteristics such
as slope or existing structures should not result in a design that compromises integrity,
function, and performance or re q u i res costly sitework that negatively impacts the budget.
3 Support Effective Sustainable Design Strategies
GSA is re q u i red to have a "s i l ver" LEED rating for all of its projects. Site-related decisions
a re important in achieving this goal. The site should allow designers to take advantage
of the orientation to sun and wind. It should be in areas with existing infrastructure and
be near alternative means of transportation. It should minimize environmental problems.