U.S. Courts Design Guide
supply to critical systems, or for establishing "quiet" grounding systems for
security and data transmission networks.
A mechanical engineer can provide guidance on how HVAC systems for a specific
courthouse can be improved after a careful site analysis.
Conversion of Alternate-Use Buildings Into
Converting existing buildings to courthouses is similar to new construction. Due to the
special space, security, acoustical, mechanical, and electrical needs of court facilities,
conversion of a building to court use can require removal of all existing interior
partitions, mechanical and electrical equipment, and service facilities. Such
conversions should proceed only in buildings determined by architects and engineers to
be structurally capable of meeting the requirements of the courts.
Restoration and conversion of historic buildings for court use is only possible if
historic spaces can be adapted to achieve the functional requirements of the courts. In
many cases, it is not cost-effective to modernize historical buildings to accommodate
court requirements. Even if a facility appears adaptable, it may not be possible to alter
building features and systems without approval of the state historical preservation
officer or other authorities. This is especially true for buildings designated as