Chapter 4: Courtrooms
flashing indicator instead of a bell) connected to the USMS Command and Control
Center and the judge's chambers suite.
Bailiff Station (USCA). USCA courtrooms must accommodate a workstation for
the bailiff near the judge's bench.
The bailiff station must be one step above floor level. The station must be set so
that the judges and bailiff can easily see and confer with one another. The bailiff
station must be adaptable for barrier-free accessibility. See ADAAG and UFAS for
detailed accessibility criteria.
A worksurface (24 inches or 600 mm deep x 60 inches or 1525 mm wide,
minimum) must be provided at desk height. Where a computer terminal is used, a
corner or side worksurface of sufficient size, ergonomically designed for the
bailiff's comfort without obstructing essential sightlines, must be provided. The
front of the worksurface must have a rail or barrier (four inches or 100 mm
minimum) around the top to prevent paper and materials from falling to the floor.
The bailiff station generally includes a movable swivel chair.
Storage is provided for office supplies. Lockable storage drawers to accommodate
legal pads must be provided, as well as drawer storage for pens, pencils, erasers,
The station must have a duress alarm device so the bailiff can alert the USMS
Command and Control Center without being detected.
The bailiff station must have an intercom or phone (with a flashing indicator
instead of a bell) connected to the USMS Command and Control Center and the
USCA Clerk's Office. The station must have a microphone connected to the
courtroom's amplification/audio recording system.
Court Reporter/Recorder Station (USDC and USBC). The court
reporter/recorder must be able to see the facial expressions of witnesses, attorneys,
and the judge, and hear every word spoken. Thus, the court reporter/recorder
station must be located close to the witness box.
Furniture and other equipment used by the court reporter/recorder should be
movable so that it can be rearranged easily to suit each court reporter or judge. The
workstation should include a modesty panel. The station generally includes a
movable swivel chair.
Some court reporting/recording technologies require a worksurface as part of the
station. Worksurfaces should be sized to satisfy the requirements of specific
Storage is provided for the following items:
Machine tapes: A cabinet with an adjustable shelf and a drawer must be